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ASP.NET MVC Hosting - :: Making Your Existing ASP.NET MVC Web Site Mobile Friendly

clock September 26, 2013 05:58 by author Ben

This article will show you the basic mobile features of ASP.NET MVC 4.0. We will make the following changes using CSS and ASP.NET to an existing web site to make it more user-friendly on mobile devices: 

  • Content will fit the small screen 
  • One-direction scrolling either horizontally or vertically but not both 
  • Clean and efficient design 
  • An option to visit the desktop site 

The following is a collage of the various desktop views for the Contact controller.

Responsive Design and Mobile Views

As we saw above, the application uses the default ASP.NET MVC Template. This template uses responsive design techniques using the viewport meta-tag to pick up appropriate CSS styles. The view-port is specified in _Layout.cshtml. It essentially sets the device-width reported by the browser as the width of the content frame.

Using the CSS Media queries in the Site.css, the browser switches UI based on the width of the device

As we can see above, the Media query defines a set of CSS style for width up to 850 pixels. Any width lesser than 850px is considered a mobile view in the default CSS.

With the Responsive Design in place, if we look at the site on a Mobile device, this is how it looks

Except for the Index page, the rest are usable but they look out of place or retro-fitted.

Adding First Class Mobile Support using jQuery Mobile

Now that we’ve seen the limitations for Responsive CSS, let’s explore dedicated Mobile Views and the special MVC ViewSwitcher.

- From Package Manager Console, install the jQuery.Mobile.Mvc package as follows

PM> install-package jQuery.Mobile.MVC

- This installs a host of things including jQuery Mobile UI Themes, a new Configuration file called BundleMobileConfig, a new Controller called ViewSwitcherController, an empty Context file called AddingMobileSupportToMVCContext, _Layout.Mobile.cshtml and _ViewSwitcher.cshtml.

The _ViewSwitcher.cshtml checks if the browser is Mobile browser or not and generates an appropriate link to switch views. ViewSwitcherController uses the value passed to it when user clicks on the View Switcher link and switches to the appropriate view. We’ll see what we mean by Appropriate View in the next section.


As we saw, this partial view was added when we added the jQuery Mobile package. The .Mobile convention is baked into MVC and when the GetOverriddenBrowser().IsMobileDevice returns true, MVC goes and checks for .Mobile.cshtml files and starts rendering them as available. So if you only have the _Layout.Mobile.cshtml and no Index.Mobile.cshtml in your view folder, MVC will fall back on the standard Index.cshtml view while using the _Layout.Mobile.cshtml as the default layout.

This is a VERY powerful mechanism we’ve got here.

It’s worth noting .Mobile is not hardcoded, rather the default. We can have .WP7, .WP8, .Iphone, .Android or any such specially targeted views as we deem required.

With the ViewSwitcher and _Layout.Mobile.cshtml in place, now if we run the application, the Home page and Edit page look as follows. Note only the underlying _Layout page has changed to _Layout.Mobile. No new views have been introduced.


ASP.NET 4.0 Hosting - :: Handling Error HTTP Error 500.19 - Internal Server Error - There is a duplicate 'system.web.extensions/scripting/scriptResourceHandler'section defined

clock September 18, 2013 11:08 by author Ben

have you ever come across this error when you try to run your website from localhost??

and when I looking for the real problem in production server, I understand that version. NET Framework that I use is 4.0. for that I need to replace the actual version .NET Framework version 2.0.

Here is a short step to change. NET version:

1. Open your IIS ( for this article i use IIS 8)
2. Click your Application Pool (Before that, make sure your dedicated pool was tick on your server) and search your domain name.
    You'll find that your .NET Framework version is 4.0. (this version is default by plesk control panel 11)
3. Click Basic Setting.

4. then change .NET Framework version to 2.0 - Ok

5. Yeah.. now you can reload your web browser and check your website.


ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: How to Password-Protect Web Pages Using .htaccess Files

clock September 13, 2013 07:34 by author Mike

A .htaccess file (pronounced ‘dot aitch tee access’ or simply ‘aitch tee access’) is aspecial configuration file used on web servers running the Apache httpd web server software. When someone visits a page that is sitting in a directory alongside, or in the same branch as, a .htaccess file then that configuration file will be loaded by the server and processed.

.htaccess files are used to reconfigure the web server without needing to restart it. These files can be used to enable or disable additional functionality and features, such as creating redirects, disabling directory listings and password protecting directories.

If you want to password protect some of your web pages, then you need to use a .htaccess file with a .htpasswd password file. This tutorial will tell you step-by-step what you need to do.

Step By Step Instructions
Let's suppose you want to restrict files in a directory called members to username memberone with password memberonepassword. Here's what to do:
1. Create a file called .htaccess in directory members that looks like this:

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Restricted access"
AuthUserFile /home/USERNAME/.htpasswd
require valid-user


  • In the AuthUserFile line, replace USERNAME with your ftp username.
  • The .htaccess file must be an ASCII text document.
  • A .htaccess file can be created in any word processor but must be saved as text only.
  • IF you upload your .htaccess file via FTP, the FTP client must be set to ASCII mode for transfer.
  • For security reasons, the .htaccess file on the server cannot be seen in a directory listing. If you don't see it after uploading it, don't worry.
    Also note that AuthName can be anything you want. The AuthName field gives the Realm name for which the protection is provided. This name is usually given when a browser prompts for a password, and is also usually used by a browser in correlation with the URL to save the password information you enter so that it can authenticate automatically on the next challenge.

2. Use the htpasswd command, from your home directory, to create a password file called .htpasswd in your home directory:
SSH to your home directory. This is simply done by connecting with your SSH client and NOT entering any path, and NOT changing directories after connecting. After connecting to your home directory via SSH, enter:

# htpasswd -c .htpasswd memberone

Type the password -- memberonepassword -- twice as instructed.
3. That's the setup done. Now test by trying to access a file in the directory members; your browser should demand a username and password, and not give you access to the file if you don't enter memberone and memberonepassword.

Multiple Usernames/Passwords

If you want to give access to a directory to more than one username/password pair, follow the steps above to create the .htaccess file and to create the .htpasswd file with one user. Then, add additional users to the .htpasswd file by using the htpasswd command without the -c:

# htpasswd .htpasswd membertwo
New password:
Re-type new password:
Adding password for user membertwo

Changing Passwords

If you want to change the password for an existing user, simply issue the same command as when you added the user. You will then be prompted for a new password. For example, if the user membertwo already exists and you want to change the password, just SSH to your home directory and enter:

# htpasswd .htpasswd membertwo

Password Protecting Multiple Directories
If you want to password protect multiple directories, and allow all users access to all password protected directories, then all you need to do is put the same .htaccess file in each directory that you want to password protect.

However, if you want to password protect multiple directories, and only allow certain users access to each directory, then you can create a different password file (all in your home directory) for each password protected directory.

Let's say you have 3 different directories (members, admins, board) you want password protected, and each one has a different set of users that you want to allow access. Then just do the following:

Create three .htaccess files and put them in their appropriate directory:

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Restricted access"
AuthUserFile /home/USERNAME/.htpasswd.members
require valid-user
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Restricted access"
AuthUserFile /home/USERNAME/.htpasswd.admins
require valid-user
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Restricted access"
AuthUserFile /home/USERNAME/.htpasswd.board
require valid-user

Remember to replace USERNAME with your ftp username (in lower case).

Create three .htpasswd files in your home directory:

# htpasswd -c .htpasswd.members memberone
# htpasswd -c .htpasswd.admins adminone
# htpasswd -c .htpasswd.board boardmemberone

That's it. Now when you need to add a user to one of the directories, just issue the htpasswd command on the appropriate .htpasswd file.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: How to Writing HTTP Handler in IIS 7.5

clock September 4, 2013 05:46 by author Mike

A handler is associated with a particular type resource. It may be mapped to only a given resource. Handler mappings may also be restricted by a Http verb which means you may want to only work with GET requests ( for example if you Http handler is only supposed to send back images) or a POST request ( for example if you collect some data on the given handler).

We should code a custom Http handler if and only if the resource type to be accessed is fairly customized and is a separate entity on you system The Http response generation logic weather visible or not is very different from a regular aspx pages. In these cases it should be observed that the request should not be part of a page lifecycle.

With IIS 7.5 and beyond it is being tried that as far as possible the config definition should be available in the web.config file of an ASP.NET web site. Handlers can be configured using the IIS wizard or by directly editing the web.config file.

This article describes how handlers are to be written and configured in IIS 7.5.

Any managed http handler implements the IHTTPHandler interface.

public class TextHandler :IHttpHandler

The Http handler has a very important property IsReusable. The purpose of this property is to define if the instance of the Http handler can be shared or not. The IsReusable property should return true if and only is there is no field in the handler which can define the state. If we make IsReusable as false then the performance is slower.

bool IHttpHandler.IsReusable{
get { return true; }


The other method of interest is Process request, the objective of this method is to generate any valid Http response (not html response).

void IHttpHandler.ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)

StringBuilder htmlText = new StringBuilder();
htmlText.Append("Sample Text");

Configuration of Http handlers follows similar mechanism as modules. Handlers can be configured by using web.config or using the IIS manager. If you use web.config, you can use listing below.

<add name="TextHandler" path="*.Text" verb="*" type="TextHandler" resourceType="Unspecified" preCondition="integratedMode" />

In the system.webServer section add a handlers section. In this add a new handler. The name is a unique name for the handler. The path contains the path on the server. It can be wild card or an absolute path. In this example the value can be *.Text or Static.Text. The value of verb can be * or a comma separated set of verbs such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE or any verbs used for this handler.

The type is the fully qualified name of the class in which the handler code is written. It should be noted that a precondition here is integratedMode.

If you use IIS Manager, follow steps below.

1. Open IIS Manager
2. Expand the node of your web application
3. Open the Handler Mapping feature


4. Click on Add managed handler


5. Add the various values


6. Click on request restrictions and add values for verbs


Some pitfalls

  1. Session is not available: The HttpSessionState is a module in itself hence we should ensure that when creating a module we will not have access to Http Session.
  2. Http request is read only: The various elements of the Http request such as query strings in modules are readonly. It should be noted that the url is not read only and you can create modules for Url rewrite.
  3. Http handler IsReusable: The IsReusable property is a death trap for the novice programmer. Great care should be taken to decide the value of IsReusable. It should be noted that as far as possible we should try to keep our handler stateless in interest of performance.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting – :: How To Filter Data With Model Data Binding In ASP.NET 4.5

clock September 2, 2013 12:33 by author Ben

Are you looking for a solution to filter your data using the Data Model Binding in ASP.NET 4.5? Maybe these tips can help you.

Earlier versions of ASP.Net have the ObjectDataSource Control but ASP.NET 4.5 has integrated it with Data Controls. New properties are included in ASP.NET 4.5 such as SelectMethod, UpdateMethod and DeleteMethod.

The following is a way to filter the data to the data model binding in ASP.NET 4.5 :

First of all create a new Web Application in V.S 2012.

2. Now add the Grid View to your Web Page. I have create a basic model class “Employee” like below.

3. This class contains three properties EmployeeId,FirstName and LastName. And create one method to get a generic list of employee model like following.

4. Now it’s time to use “SelectMethod” attribute like following.

5. After that you can run this program.

You can also do the filtering with the Select Method very easily. Here to demonstrate the filtering let’s take a dropdown list  control like following and based on the dropdown list control selected item we will filter our grid view with select method.

1. Follow this HTML Code

2. Now let’s modify your GetEmployees method like following to filter based on dropdownlist control.

3. Now let’s run the example again.

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