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ASP.NET 4.5 HOSTING - | How to Create Dynamic GridView Control in C#/ASP.Net

clock November 18, 2014 06:54 by author Dan


In webapplications, one the most widely task is showing a table of information to clients. In, we make utilization of the Datagrid, Datalist and Repeater controls. Every day, the need of showing the information will be diverse. Now, we will explain to you about "How to Create Dynamic GridView Control in C#/ASP.Net". Please read the steps carefully.

Implementing Dynamic GridView Control

Utilizing the gridview to show the articles will show the article a little in diverse layout when compared with Datalist. Appoint the below figure, Dynamic Gridview.

Constructing Dynamic GridView

Showing the articles in gridview will be different from showing in datalist. For that, i have made two Template classes :

  • DynamicGridViewTextTemplate
  • DynamicGridViewURLTemplate

Dynamicgridviewtexttemplate class is utilized to include a layout column with label while Dynamicgridviewurltemplate class is utilized to include URL of the article.

TemplateClass for GridView

public class DynamicGridViewTextTemplate : ITemplate
    string _ColName;
    DataControlRowType _rowType;
    int _Count;
    public DynamicGridViewTextTemplate(string ColName, DataControlRowType RowType)
        _ColName = ColName;
        _rowType = RowType;
    public DynamicGridViewTextTemplate(DataControlRowType RowType, int ArticleCount)
        _rowType = RowType;
        _Count = ArticleCount;
    public void InstantiateIn(System.Web.UI.Control container)
        switch (_rowType)
            case DataControlRowType.Header:
                Literal lc = new Literal();
                lc.Text = "<b>" + _ColName + "</b>";
            case DataControlRowType.DataRow:              
                 Label lbl = new Label();
                 lbl.DataBinding += new EventHandler(this.lbl_DataBind);
            case DataControlRowType.Footer:
                Literal flc = new Literal();
                flc.Text = "<b>Total No of Articles:" + _Count + "</b>";
    private void lbl_DataBind(Object sender, EventArgs e)
        Label lbl  = (Label)sender;
        GridViewRow row = (GridViewRow)lbl.NamingContainer;
        lbl.Text =DataBinder.Eval(row.DataItem, _ColName).ToString();
public class DynamicGridViewURLTemplate : ITemplate
    string _ColNameText;
    string _ColNameURL;
    DataControlRowType _rowType;
    public DynamicGridViewURLTemplate(string ColNameText, string ColNameURL, DataControlRowType RowType)
        _ColNameText = ColNameText;
        _rowType = RowType;
        _ColNameURL = ColNameURL;
    public void InstantiateIn(System.Web.UI.Control container)
        switch (_rowType)
            case DataControlRowType.Header:
                Literal lc = new Literal();
                lc.Text = "<b>" + _ColNameURL + "</b>";
            case DataControlRowType.DataRow:
                HyperLink hpl = new HyperLink();
                hpl.Target = "_blank";
                hpl.DataBinding += new EventHandler(this.hpl_DataBind);
    private void hpl_DataBind(Object sender, EventArgs e)
        HyperLink hpl = (HyperLink)sender;
        GridViewRow row = (GridViewRow)hpl.NamingContainer;
        hpl.NavigateUrl = DataBinder.Eval(row.DataItem, _ColNameURL).ToString();
        hpl.Text = "<div class=\"Post\"><div class=\"PostTitle\">" + DataBinder.Eval(row.DataItem, _ColNameText).ToString() + "</div></div>";

Using the Template Class in GridView

Utilizing dynamic template in gridview is not the same as datalist i.e. we will make the dynamic gridview in column wise with header layout, item template and footer layout from the first column till the last.


  1. Create a Gridview Object.
  2. Create an instance of TemplateField object.
  3. Instantiate the Dynamic template class with proper ListItemType and assign it to corresponding template property of TemplateField object and finally add this object to the column collection of GridView. Refer the below code for better understanding.

Templates of GridView

TemplateField tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("ArticleID", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("ArticleID", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                tf.FooterTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate(DataControlRowType.Footer, ds.Tables[i].Rows.Count); 

In the event that you analyze the usage of Datalist, in Gridview we won't make dynamic template for the grid within we make it for the grid's column (Templatefield). Appoint the below code (Using Template class) for clear understanding.

Using Template class

for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables.Count; i++)
            if (ds.Tables[i].Rows.Count > 0)
                GridView gvDynamicArticle = new GridView();
                gvDynamicArticle.Width = Unit.Pixel(700);
                gvDynamicArticle.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(0);
                gvDynamicArticle.Caption = "<div id=\"nifty\" class=\"PostCategory\"> + ds.Tables[i].Rows[0]["Category"].ToString() + " Articles</div>";
                gvDynamicArticle.AutoGenerateColumns = false;
                gvDynamicArticle.ShowFooter = true;
                TemplateField tf = null;
                tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("ArticleID", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("ArticleID", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                tf.FooterTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate(DataControlRowType.Footer, ds.Tables[i].Rows.Count);               
                tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("Title", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("Title", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("Description", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("Description", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewURLTemplate("Title", "URL", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewURLTemplate("Title", "URL", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                tf = new TemplateField();
                tf.HeaderTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("Author", DataControlRowType.Header);
                tf.ItemTemplate = new DynamicGridViewTextTemplate("CreatedBy", DataControlRowType.DataRow);
                gvDynamicArticle.RowDataBound += new GridViewRowEventHandler(this.DynamicGrid_RowDataBound);
                gvDynamicArticle.DataSource = ds.Tables[i];
In the above code (Using Template class), we can unmistakably comprehend that we are making the dynamic template for the gridview's column instead of Datalist where we made the template for the grid itself. To throw more light on this it implies that we are making the first column's header, item and footer and adding it to the gridview's column list through Templatefield article till the last column as I said before.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: Task Parallel Library Improvements (Parralel Programming)

clock August 28, 2013 06:59 by author Mike

Microsoft has introduced a new set of libraries, diagnostic tools and  runtime in .NET 4.0 to enhance support for parallel computing. The main objective of these features is to simplify parallel development, i.e., writing parallel code in a natural idiom without having to work directly with threads. Microsoft has been working on ways to improve the performance of parallel applications in .NET 4.5, specifically those using the Task Parallel Library. Here is a preview of what you can expect to see:

Task, Task<TResult>
At the core of .NET’s parallel programming APIs is the Task object. With such an important class Microsoft took great pains to ensure it is as small as possible. Most of the properties for Task are stored not in the class itself, but rather a secondary object called ContingentProperties. This secondary object is created on an as-needed basis, thus reducing the memory footprint for the most common scenarios.

When .NET 4.0 was released the most common scenario was fork-join style programming such as seen with Parallel.ForEach and Parallel LINQ. With .NET 4.5 and the introduction of async, continuation style programming takes the forefront. Microsoft is so confident that this will be the predominate style that they are moving ContinuationObject into Task and the other fields into ContingentProperties. The end result is faster continuations and a smaller Task object.

The net result was a 49 to 55% reduction in the time it takes to create a Task<Int32> and a 52% reduction in size.

Task.WaitAll, Task.WaitAny
Imagine waiting for 100,000 tasks at the same time. On an x64 machine that would introduce 12,000,000 bytes of overhead above and beyond the size of the tasks themselves. With .NET 4.5 that overhead has dropped to a mere 64 bytes. WaitAny likewise dropped from 23,200,000 bytes of overhead to 152 bytes.

This dramatic change came about due to a change in how kernel synchronization primitives are used. In previous versions one primitive was needed per task. This has been reduced to one per wait operation, regardless of the number of tasks involved.


In .NET only reference types and small value types can be assigned atomically. Larger value types such as Guid require are not read and written atomically. To work around this in .NET 4.0, the node objects used by the ConcurrentDictionary are recreated each time the value associated with a key is changed. In .NET 4.5 new nodes are only created if the values cannot be atomically written.To Improve Performance, Reduce Memory Allocations.

One way to reduce memory usage is to avoid using closures. Rather than capturing a local variable inside an anonymous function, one can pass in that information to the Task’s constructor as its “state object”. Starting with .NET 4.5, Task.ContinueWith will also support state objects.

Another technique to reduce memory usage is to cache common used tasks. For example, consider a function that accepts an array and returns a Task<int>. Since the result for the empty array case will always be the same, it would make sense to cache the Task representing the empty array.

The next tip is to avoid unnecessarily “inflating” tasks. A task is inflated when something triggers the creation of its ContingentProperties object. The most common causes for this are:

  • The Task is created with a CancellationToken
  • The Task is created from a non-default ExecutionContext
  • The Task is participating in “structured parallelism” as a parent Task
  • The Task ends in the Faulted state
  • The Task is waited on via ((IAsyncResult)Task).AsyncWaitHandle.Wait()

It should be noted that task inflation isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Rather, it is something to be aware of so that one doesn’t do unnecessary things such as pass in a CancellationToken that isn’t ever used.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting – :: Optimize Your Website Performance with ASP.NET 4.5

clock June 28, 2013 06:45 by author Ben

Microsoft ASP.NET is today the most powerful and fastest growing platform for Web development. ASP.NET powers some of world's largest Web sites and most demanding applications. And now, ASP.NET 4.5 can optimization your website performance.

Typical web site contains CSS files, Images and Javascript files along with you HTML elements. CSS files, Images and JS files will take some time to load into the browser though the loading time is in milliseconds but matters. The HTML is not taking much time but other elements are taking time to load in to the browser. The Typical ASP.NET web site might look like as below in Visual Studio. It may contain Scripts  folder, Images Folder, Styles Folder and a Default aspx page.

The first problem that we can see that too many HTTP requests which are going to images, CSS files and to JavaScript files. is Microsoft No #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET Spotlight Hosting Partner in United States. Microsoft presents this award to for ability to support the latest Microsoft and ASP.NET technology, such as: WebMatrix, WebDeploy, Visual Studio 2012, ASP.NET 4.5, ASP.NET MVC 4.0, Silverlight 5 and Visual Studio Lightswitch. Click here for more information

We can use Bundling and Minifying the files to reduce those requests. In ASP.NET 4.5 you have the built-in features to these. Write one line of code in Global.asax to bring these HTTP Requests down.

The above line enables the minification for CSS and Javascript files, only these two. Minifying means removing whitespaces, comments and everything that browser does not need to understand. We can really compress these files using this technique.

Basically this bundling technique looks at the folder and takes all the files inside and bundles them into one file, no matter how many are in the folder. This all happens at runtime. It only happens at once.

The order of bundling of your files goes as first it takes all Jquery scripts first and then it takes custom scripts alphabetically from your solution explorer.

Instead of doing the references to individual files, You can do this

Styles/CSS is the convention. Folder name / CSS bundles all the css files on that folder. We can do the same foe JavaScript like this

Suppose if you want to bundle the files by taking from different directories in

In above code we are registering our own bundle named mycss and then we are adding file styles.css and a directory styles.

Compress components with gZip. we can enables this on IIS. You tell the server everything that respond to client that text based zip it. You can do this by changing the couple of attribute values in web.config file

In IIS 7.5 it enables for you by default, if you running on windows server 2008 then you need to set the attribute values to true.

Encoding the Images to Base64 Images

Above code shows before and after encoding the image.

You may not want to encode all images in your project but if you want the images that you want to embed along with style sheets then you can write some regular expressions as shown below.

We can even transform your response further using coffee script as shown below

You can optimize the images in your folder by using Visual Studio extension tool named Optimize Images and then you can refresh folder and compile.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - Using Bundling and Minification in ASP.NET 4.5

clock April 25, 2013 09:12 by author andy_yo

Is it Important?
Minimising the number of requests the page has to perform can have a considerable effect on your site’s performance. IE6 and IE7 both limit the number of concurrent requests to 2, IE8 can handle up to 6. There is a lot you can to improve the initial load speed speed – one of which is bundling all your CSS and JS into two separate files. How much of a difference it could do. Well, as it turns out up to 30seconds on slower connections.

About is Microsoft No #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET Spotlight Hosting Partner in United States. Microsoft presents this award to for ability to support the latest Microsoft and ASP.NET technology, such as: WebMatrix, WebDeploy, Visual Studio 2012, ASP.NET 4.5, ASP.NET MVC 4.0, Silverlight 5 and Visual Studio Lightswitch. Click here for more information

Bundled and Minified vs. Non-Bundled
This is the standard ASP.NET MVC4 app with all the initial JS libraries and CSS. Over a slower connection, the difference can be up to 30seconds. However, even on faster connections, you can save up two seconds just by combining and minifying your scripts.

Image 1 : Non Bundled

Image 2 : Bundled and Minified

Bundling and Minification in ASP.NET 4.5

Luckily for us, the ASP.NET now ships with a new library called System.Web.Optimization. It provides pluggable bundling and minification functionality for your scripts and styles.

It lets you define bundles at application start and pass them to the BundleCollection. Creating a basic new bundle is quite simple. Let’s assume we would like to combine few CSS files

protected void Application_Start()
    ... other startup logic
    var cssBundle = new StyleBundle("~/Content/themes/base/css")

You can also create bundles for your JavaScript.

protected void Application_Start()
    ... other startup logic
    var jsValidationBundle = new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/jqueryval")

Both StyleBundle and ScriptBundle take url of the bundled file as a constructor argument and use extension method .Include to add files. You can also use wildcard characters such as * in the include array. If you want to add the entire folder, use IncludeDirectory extension.

One thing to note, is what version of the System.Web.Optimization you have. The older version that came with the MVC4 beta used AddFile() syntax to add files to the bundles. However, if you install VS 2012RC you get a newer version of the DLL, which is a bit neater and uses the syntax shown above.

Rendering Helpers

The library also comes with two awesome helpers. When you develop locally, you want to have all the bundling setup, but you don’t want the bundling and minification to happen – it’s much easier to debug. The System.Web.Optimization has two helpers that address exactly that issue.


        ... other content
        @Styles.Render("~/Content/themes/base/css", "~/Content/css")

When you run the debug setting in the compilation element in your web.config as false, the Styles and Scripts helpers will render the bundled files. However, settings debug=”true” will render them unbundled. Pretty cool!


    <compilation debug="false" targetFramework="4.5" />

And that’s not everything, the minified files will also have cache busting string attached based on the files in the bundles.

<link href="/Content/themes/base/css?v=UM624qf1uFt8dYtiIV9PCmYhsyeewBIwY4Ob0i8OdW81" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

ASP.NET 4.,5 Hosting - :: Websockets with ASP.Net 4.5 and Visual Studio 2012

clock April 11, 2013 12:11 by author Ben

Web applications are becoming increasingly sophisticated and it is common to need to communicate with various services. There are a number of options to accomplish this task with probably the most popular being to continually poll a server with XHR requests. Other alternatives exist that delay disconnections. These can be tricky to implement and don’t scale well (sometimes worse than polling as they keep a connection open) so aren’t used as much.


HTTP isn’t really an ideal protocol for performing frequent requests as:

  • It’s not optimized for speed
  • It utilizes a lot of bandwidth for every request with various headers etc sent with every request
  • To keep an application up to date many requests must be sent
  • Provides limited cross domain support
  • Firewalls & proxys sometimes buffer streaming/long polling solutions increasing latency
  • Long polling & streaming solutions are not very scalable

WebSockets are a new technology that attempts to resolve some of these limitations by:

  • Sending the minimum amount of data necessary
  • Making more efficient usage of bandwidth
  • Providing cross domain support
  • Still operating over HTTP so it can transverse firewalls and proxies
  • Works with some load balancers (TCP l4)
  • Provides support for binary data (note some JavaScript implementations don’t currently support this)

When would web sockets be a suitable protocol for your application?
You might want to consider using web sockets in the following scenarios:

  • Games
  • Real time data
  • Chat applications
  • News tickers

Websockets pitfalls
Websockets is a relatively new protocol that has already undergone a number of versions as various issues are addressed. This is important as support across browsers varies.
At the time of writing Websockets (in some form) can be used by the following browsers (check for the most up to date info):

  • IE10
  • Chrome 13+
  • Firefox 7
  • Safari 5+
  • Opera 11+

Earlier implementations of websockets had some security issues so your connections may work but are not secure (Firefox disabled support in Firefox 4 & 5 for this reason).
The other issue that you may encounter is that some older proxy servers don’t support the http upgrade system that websockets uses to connect so some clients may be unable to connect.

.NET 4.5 Web Socket Support
.NET 4.5 introduces a number of APIs for working with web sockets. If you find you need more control than the API’s offers then look into WCF as that has also been updated. Before we begin there are a couple of requirements for using web sockets API:

  • Application must be hosted on IIS 8 (available only with some version of Windows 8 – please note currently IIS Express currently does not work)
  • Web Sockets protocol feature installed (IIS option)
  • .net 4.5
  • A compatible browser on the client (IE10 or Chrome will 18 work fine at time of writing)
  • It would help if your Chinese birth animal was the horse

Hello Web Sockets Example!
Ok I am going to assume that you are already working with some version of Windows 8 that has IIS & 4.5 installed. The other thing we are going to need to do is make sure IIS has the Web Sockets Protocol feature installed (this is in the add/remove programs bit):

- First create a new empty project called WebSockets
- Add the Nuget package Microsoft.Websockets
- Pull down the latest jQuery library and put it in a scripts directory (I am using 1.7.2) – note jQuery isn’t necessary it just saves a bit of tedious event and manipulation code.

Now add a file called index.htm and enter the following code:

<!doctype html>
<script src="Scripts/jquery-1.7.2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function () {
var name = prompt('what is your name?:');
var url = 'ws://' + window.location.hostname + window.location.pathname.replace('index.htm', 'ws.ashx') + '?name=' + name;
alert('Connecting to: ' + url);
ws = new WebSocket(url);
ws.onopen = function () {
$('#messages').prepend('Connected <br/>');
$('#cmdSend').click(function () {
ws.onmessage = function (e) {
$('#chatMessages').prepend( + '<br/>');
$('#cmdLeave').click(function () {
ws.onclose = function () {
$('#chatMessages').prepend('Closed <br/>');
ws.onerror = function (e) {
$('#chatMessages').prepend('Oops something went wront <br/>');
<input id="txtMessage" />
<input id="cmdSend" type="button" value="Send" />
<input id="cmdLeave" type="button" value="Leave" />
<br />
<div id="chatMessages" />

We need to create an http handler so add a new generic handler to the project called ws.ashx and enter the following code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using Microsoft.Web.WebSockets;
namespace WebSockets
public class WSHttpHandler : IHttpHandler
public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
if (context.IsWebSocketRequest)
context.AcceptWebSocketRequest(new TestWebSocketHandler());
public bool IsReusable
return false;

Finally we need to create something to handle the websocket connection (TestWebSocketHandler that is created in the AcceptWebSocketRequest method).
Create a new class called TestWebSocketHandler and enter the following code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Web;
using Microsoft.Web.WebSockets;
namespace WebSockets
public class TestWebSocketHandler : WebSocketHandler
private static WebSocketCollection clients = new WebSocketCollection();
private string name;
public override void OnOpen()
{ = this.WebSocketContext.QueryString["name"];
clients.Broadcast(name + " has connected.");
public override void OnMessage(string message)
clients.Broadcast(string.Format("{0} said: {1}", name, message));
public override void OnClose()

That’s all you need so now compile the project and run it in a compatible browser (IE10 or the latest Chrome will do fine) making sure you are hosting your project from IIS (project properties if you are not).

Once you have run it up you will be prompted to provide a name, then an alert box will indicate the end point of your application (ws://localhost/.. – note the secure https version is wss://).

Now open up a different browser and you should find you can via websockets.

ASP.NET Hosting - Resolve Errror "Validation of viewstate MAC failed"

clock March 5, 2013 08:57 by author andy_yo

Usually we won’t got “Validation of viewstate MAC failed” error in our site all the time. Normally the site works fine and doesn't throw any errors if you load the site and use it at a regular pace.  The error only occurs when you load the page, leave it for a while, and then continue working on the page without reloading or refreshing it.  I discovered this error because I opened the site, began using it, left for lunch, came back an hour later, and when I resumed using it and did anything that caused postback, it immediately threw the above error.  Unfortunately in order to re-create the error, I have to wait a while, which is very inconvenient for testing/troubleshooting. After a few hours of reasearch I found the solutions:

About is Microsoft No #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET Spotlight Hosting Partner in United States. Microsoft presents this award to for ability to support the latest Microsoft and ASP.NET technology, such as: WebMatrix, WebDeploy, Visual Studio 2012, ASP.NET 4.5, ASP.NET MVC 4.0, Silverlight 5 and Visual Studio Lightswitch. Click here for more information

Error message:

Validation of viewstate MAC failed. If this application is hosted by a Web Farm or cluster, ensure that <machineKey> configuration specifies the same validationKey and validation algorithm. AutoGenerate cannot be used in a cluster.

Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.

Exception Details: System.Web.HttpException: Validation of viewstate MAC failed. If this application is hosted by a Web Farm or cluster, ensure that <machineKey> configuration specifies the same validationKey and validation algorithm. AutoGenerate cannot be used in a cluster.


Yet another very teasing issue ASP .Net developers face. Solution is pretty much simple.

Add following link in your web.config file.

<pages enableEventValidation="false" viewStateEncryptionMode="Never" />

Above line should be included within section.


if you don't want this solution to implemented on project level then you can add these attribute to the page(Top most line of HTML view) directive of the page which is creating issue.

That means you have to add enableEventValidation="false" viewStateEncryptionMode="Never" in page directive.


ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - ASP.NET 4.5 Asynchronous pages

clock March 4, 2013 10:37 by author andy_yo

To make a page asynchronous in earlier versions of ASP.NET, the page has to implement the interface IHttpAsyncHandler and define concrete definitions to all the methods declared in the interface. This takes considerable amount of time and effort to make the page asynchronous.
In ASP.NET 4.5, we can turn the execution of any operation asynchronous by using async and await keywords. Any new page added to an ASP.NET application is considered synchronous by default. We can change this by setting value of Async property of the Page directive to true. Once this property is set, we can use async and await keywords in any method in the code behind file.

<span style="font-family: "Calibri","sans-serif"; font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%; mso-ansi-language: EN-IN; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin;"><%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" Async="true" CodeBehind="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="Async.Default" %>

About is Microsoft No #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET Spotlight Hosting Partner in United States. Microsoft presents this award to for ability to support the latest Microsoft and ASP.NET technology, such as: WebMatrix, WebDeploy, Visual Studio 2012, ASP.NET 4.5, ASP.NET MVC 4.0, Silverlight 5 and Visual Studio Lightswitch. Click here for more information

This is because, performing asynchronous operations at wrong time may lead to some dangerous conditions on the server. By setting the Async attribute of the page, we are telling the server that, the current page is a safe place to perform async operations. Following is a sample page load event handler that calls a WCF service asynchronously and binds data to a GridView:

protected async void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    var client = new DataServiceClient();
    var gettingCities = await client.GetCitiesAsync();
    gvCities.DataSource = gettingCities;

Following are the set of steps performed when ASP.NET detects the await keyword in the above event handler:

  • Continues executing other synchronous tasks of the life cycle event
  • Once the above step is finished, the underlying synchronization context fires up an event saying that an async operation is pending
  • ASP.NET waits asynchronously till the pending task is completed and then it continues executing the rest of the statements
  • With above step, the life cycle (page load in this case) event is over. The control goes ahead to the next life cycle event

There is another way to achieve this. It is shown in the following snippet:

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    RegisterAsyncTask(new PageAsyncTask(async () =>
        var client = new DataServiceClient();
        var gettingCities = await client.GetCitiesAsync();
        gvCities.DataSource = gettingCities;

The advantage of performing async operation this way over what we did earlier is that, it registers an asynchronous handler with the page and now the execution is not dependent on the synchronization context. Execution of the statements in the PageAsyncTask passed in is not dependent on page the page life cycle event. So, ASP.NET will not wait asynchronously after executing rest of the logic in the life cycle event. It would rather continue execution with the next life cycle event handlers. Statements in the registered task are performed whenever the dependent operation is finished.

Note that, we used the async keyword with a lambda expression. It is legal in .NET 4.5, because lambda is meant to create a single cast delegate with an anonymous method. To make the method executable asynchronously, we can use async and await with lambda.


ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - ASP.NET 4.5 Web Forms Key Features

clock January 23, 2013 12:50 by author andy_yo

Web Forms in 4.5 allows you to build dynamic web sites quickly and easily. Web Forms generates much cleaner code on client-side with Unobtrusive Validation in this version. You can also build data-centric applications easily with data-binding features.

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Typical Web Form which contains more fields and validation controls can generate more code on client-side. When you run this typical form in browser then you can see the page size as below


The reason for this size is because client-side validation is enabled. If you change Unobtrusive validation mode in page load to web forms then you can see the difference.

Now re-compile your application and run the page the result is as shown below, Now page size is much smaller than before

Strongly typed Data Controls

Take a typical Search Form which shows the results in list view. Inside list view you have item template which is having multiple calls to the EVAL expression as shown below

The above method is the standard way of doing data-binding in web forms. You optimize the above using strongly typed data controls.

You can set the Item Type property of List View to the type that you actually data-binding to as shown below

Now you can member variables in place of Eval expressions, member variables are now typed and you will get an intellisense on item class.

Model Binding

You may be familiar with Model Binding in ASP.NET MVC, The typical code which you might write in web forms to bind the results in web forms as below

The above code talking to the data base by building a query which does a case insensitive search then it coverts into list binds the results to list view. Let us re-write the above code using Model-Binding

Now there is no page load and click-handler, The above code is not directly interacting with the page. You can populate the formTerm and qsTerm variables using attributes Control and QueryString in model-binding.

The return result of GetResults method is IQueryable. Because the result is of type IQueryable the control has the ability to modify this before it is rendering it to the page. You can use this in sorting and paging. You can specify the same in markup.

Advantage of using Model Binding As the code is not directly interacting with the page, you can fairly easily unit test the method or even move it to the completely different class.

Support for OpenID in OAuth Logins

The AuthConfig.cs file is standard in all new projects that created in ASP.NET 4.5 in Visual Studio 2012. You can see there are number of external services code is commented out and it is ready to use by putting your custom application credentials.

Now you can use external services to login to the application.

These are the features which you can try out in Visual Studio 2012.

Visual Studio 2012 Hosting - Visual Studio 2012 and .NET 4.5 Features

clock January 22, 2013 06:27 by author andy_yo

New versions of Visual Studio usually coincide with updates to the .NET Framework, and this continues with the release of .NET 4.5 (.NET Framework 4.5). Here’s a quick review of what Visual Studio 2012 and .NET 4.5.

.NET Framework 4.5

The .NET Framework has exploded to include so many technologies (WCF, WPF, ASP.NET, etc.), features, and options. With .NET 4.5, there have been many updates to the core languages, with the asynchronous programming receiving lots of coverage.

If you plan to build Windows 8 applications, then you want .NET 4.5, because it has a subset called .NET for Windows Store. Building Windows 8 applications means you will be using HTML5 and CSS3, which are embraced by ASP.NET 4.5 and Visual Studio 2012. Web Sockets support has been added, as well as the ability to bundle JavaScript libraries/code and minimize the size of its download. ASP.NET Web Pages 2 provides more features for building pages on the fly, and improvements have been made to Web Forms and MVC. These features and more can be used to build powerful applications via the Visual Studio 2012 IDE. However, you can still target any version of the framework — that’s right, you are not forced to upgrade to .NET 4.5.

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Figure A shows the welcome screen of Visual Studio Ultimate 2012 installation. Microsoft stated performance improvements are a key goal of Visual Studio 2012; this includes reducing the clutter of the developer’s workspace, which theoretically allows them to better focus on their work. The IDE now loads solutions asynchronously with key parts loaded first. Visual Studio 2012 does start up faster than Visual Studio 2010, but I’m not sure Microsoft succeeded in its goal to reduce clutter. The IDE opens with fewer windows like errors, classes, server explorer, and so forth, but these can easily be opened via the View menu, which was an option in previous versions of Visual Studio. There are indeed useful features that are designed to make things like previewing files without opening them easier.

Figure A

The Visual Studio Ultimate 2012 welcome page

Another interesting feature of Visual Studio 2012 is the inclusion of LightSwitch, Silverlight, and Expression Blend. The first two are project types within the IDE as shown in Figure B (among the many other project options). Expression Blend is installed as a separate application in the Visual Studio 2012 directory, but it is available only for Windows Store app development on Windows 8.

Figure B

Options for creating a new Web application in Visual Studio 2012

Figure C shows an ASP.NET Web Pages project opened in Visual Studio 2012. It is not a major shift from Visual Studio 2010, but you may notice the browser and DocType options just below the main menu. For this project, Google Chrome is selected as the target browser, but this drop-down list is populated with the browsers installed on the development machine so you can test with a variety of browsers. The DocType allows you to choose the target standard; HTML5 is the default for new projects, but you can target others depending on the project. In the IDE, you might also notice the menu options along the top — Website, Build, Debug, Team, SQL, Tools, and more; these options may change depending on the version of Visual Studio installed, but they do give a glimpse of the many things you can do within Visual Studio 2012.

Figure C

Working with an ASP.NET Web Pages 2 project within Visual Studio 2012

Integration with other Microsoft products

A key aspect of developing with Microsoft technologies is the tight integration with other Microsoft products. Visual Studio 2012 simplifies this by providing the environment to build applications that use these products. The following list provides a sampling of the possibilities:

PowerPoint: Use PowerPoint to begin the development process according to Agile methods with storyboarding (Microsoft has wholeheartedly embraced Agile). PowerPoint Storyboarding is a selection in the Visual Studio 2012 installation folder. In addition to PowerPoint, the complete Microsoft Office suite is available programmatically to use as needed in your code.

- Windows 8: Build applications for the new version of Windows.
- Windows Phone: Visual Studio 2012 allows you to target multiple platforms such as Windows Phone.
- SharePoint: Visual Studio 2012 allows you to build and test SharePoint applications.
- Team Foundation Server (TFS) 2012: Large scale projects require teamwork and source code control, both of which are readily provided in TFS 2012, which seamlessly integrates with Visual Studio 2012.
- System Center 2012: This can be used with TFS 2012 to automate the identification of production errors/bugs and to create tasks to fix these issues.


ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - ASPHostPortal :: New HTML 5 in ASP.NET 4.5

clock November 29, 2011 09:44 by author Jervis

Microsoft has released developer previews for Visual Studio 2011 and .Net framework 4.5. There are lots of new features available in the developer preview. One of the most interested things for web developers is the support introduced for new HTML 5 form controls.

The following are the list of new controls available in HTML 5

·         email

·         url

·         number

·         range

·         Date pickers (date, month, week, time, datetime, datetime-local)

·         search

·         color

I have created a project in Visual Studio 2011 developer preview, and created a page named “controls.aspx”. In the page I placed on Text box control from the toolbox.

Now select the control and go to the properties pane, look at the TextMode attribute.

Now you can see more options are added here than prior versions of ASP.Net. I just selected Email as TextMode. I added one button to submit my page. The screen shot of the page in Visual Studio 2011 designer is as follows

See the corresponding markup

<form id="form1" runat="server">
        Enter your email:
        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server" TextMode="Email"></asp:TextBox
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Submit" />

Now let me run this page, IE 9 do not have the support for new form fields. I browsed the page using Firefox and the page appears as below.

From the source of the rendered page, I saw the below markup for my email textbox

<input name="TextBox1" type="email" id="TextBox1" />

Try to enter an invalid email and you will see the browser will ask you to enter a valid one by default.

When rendered in non-supported browsers, these fields are behaving just as normal text boxes. So make sure you are using validation controls with these fields.

See the browser support compatability matrix with these controls with various browser vendors.

ASP.Net 4.5 introduced the support for these new form controls. You can build interactive forms using the newly added controls, keeping in mind that you need to validate the data for non-supported browsers.

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