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ASP.NET Hosting - :: ASP.NET MVC vs ASP.NET - Which is better?

clock June 3, 2016 22:54 by author Dan

When developers start to build new web projects they face two options- either using ASP.NET MVC framework or ASP.NET web forms. These days, more and more companies are however choosing the MVC based framework to revise their existing sites significantly or to develop new ones. The framework has a multitude of benefits as well as technical goodies which have made it the darling among the developers.

MVC, short for Model-View-Controller is an architectural pattern that helps in division of an application into three basic components- the controller, the model and the view. This framework is a great alternative to the web forms pattern when creating applications since it is highly testable as well as lightweight presentation framework. It comes integrated with all current .NET features like authentication based on membership as well as master pages. Most developers are quite familiar with the pattern. Here is a low-down on the advantages that the MVC based framework offers over the web forms.

Separating application tasks or concerns- A huge advantage in the framework is that it clearly separates Business Logic, Data, Model, UI, test-driven development and testability. Core contracts of the framework are interface-based for which mock objects may be used for the testing. These mock objects are simulated objects imitating the behaviours of application's actual objects. The application can be unit-tested without making the controllers run, making the testing more flexible as well as fast. Any framework may be used for the testing.


Silverlight makes this available to us. When we integrate Silverlight full advantage may be taken of the feature. This leads to faster application loading; in fact some part of processing may be done through web browsers, this makes the execution of client site as well as the server side a lot faster. You can even integrate JQuery and MVC so that the code written runs in browser, taking away a huge load away from the server.

HTML size

In ASP.NET there is a huge problem in the HTML size of view state as well as controls. All data rendered is stored by view state with the final result being the final HTML getting too large. For those on slow internet connections, the loading time will be slow as well as delayed. The current framework takes care of that problem since the view state concept is absent here.

Supporting ASP.NET routing

This URL-mapping component is very powerful, letting you build applications with searchable and comprehensible URLs. Through this there is no need for URLs to include extensions of file-names since the design supports patterns of URL naming and these work good enough for SEO or search engine optimization as well as REST or representational state transfer addressing.

Pluggable as well as extensible framework

The design of MVC's components makes them easily customizable or replaceable. Individual view engine, action-method parameter serialization, URL routing policy as well as other components can be plugged in. The use of DI or Dependency Injection and IOC or Inversion of Control container models is also supported. With DI you can inject objects into classes and it does not rely on class for creation of object itself. The testing is made easier by the condition imposed that when an object is required by another object then another object should be sourced from an external source like configuration file.

The biggest advantage of ASP.NET MVC platform is that it contains all the features as well as advantages of .NET since the basis is the same for both. However, some disadvantages are that understanding codes during the process of customization may not be an easy process. Another problem is the cost- the start-up costs are much higher in the MVC platform when compared to the web form based one. But looking at the benefits that are enjoyed by the developers and the end result, this is but a small price to pay for. You can get in touch with a application development company who can help you develop web apps that are stable, scalable and secure.

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ASP.NET Hosting - :: How to Add the Store Locator in ASP.NET MVC Application

clock April 22, 2016 23:13 by author Dan

Recently, a reader wrote in and asked what steps would be necessary to include a “Directions” link with each marker in the map so that, when clicked, the user would see the driving directions from the address they entered and the store of interest. I decided to update the ASP.NET MVC application to include this new feature request. Now, the results page shows a “Directions” link in both the grid of nearby stores and in the info window that pops up when you click a map marker. Clicking the “Directions” link opens a new browser window and loads Google Maps, showing the directions from the user-entered address to the selected store’s address.

To show the driving directions I send the user to the following URL:

When the user is sent to the store locator page, the user-entered address (a/k/a, the starting address) is passed through the querystring via a field named Address, so we already know the starting address. But how do we get our hands on the destination address? Recall that view is passed a model that is a collection of NearbyStoreLocation objects; the NearbyStoreLocation class has properties like Address (the street address), City, Region, PostalCode, and so forth. We can build up the address by concatenating these various address parts.

Rather than requiring the view to build up the address, I added a new read-only property to the NearbyStoreLocation class named FormattedAddress, which returns an address Google Maps can parse by piecing together the address-related properties into a string.

public string FormattedAddress
var addrPieces = new List<string>(5);
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Address))
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.City))
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Region))
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.CountryCode))
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.PostalCode))
return string.Join(", ", addrPieces.ToArray());

In the view, the link to the directions can be build like so:

<a target="_blank" href="<%=Server.UrlEncode(Request.QueryString["Address"]) %>&daddr=<%=Server.UrlEncode(store.FormattedAddress) %>">Directions</a>

And that’s it! Adding the Directions link to the info popup window is a tad more involved because the quotation marks must be escaped using \”. Happy Programming!

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ASP.NET 5 Hosting - ASPHostPortal :: SEO For ASP.NET Web Sites

clock December 16, 2015 00:36 by author Kenny

SEO For ASP.NET Web Sites

One of the main sources of audience for these internet applications are the Search Engines like Google, Bing, Yahoo etc. Hence, the end application should not only handle your business problems efficiently but also follow some simple rules so that it yields good results in internet arena. This article, will list some of the simple guidelines which you need to consider if your Asp.Net application is an internet site.

1.    Add descriptive and unique Page Title for every page

Every page in your website should have a unique and descriptive page title that can describe what the page offers. You can set the Page Title either declaratively or in the code behind file. Refer below,


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" Title="My Home Page"  CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>

In code behind,

Page.Title = "My Home Page";

2.    Links should be hyperlinks, no linkbutton or javascript navigation for crawlable links

Make sure all your links in your page are hyperlinks. Search engines can crawl a page only if it is linked through a hyper link (anchor tag). Javascript navigations are not search engine friendly since search engines will not understand it.

3.    Use javascript navigation for site related pages that have no search values

Page rank is distributed across the links on your page. Some of the internal website pages like About us, disclaimer, Registration, login, contact us, user profile pages can be navigated through javascript so that the page rank are not distributed to them. Doing like this will make rest of the crawlable content links benefited.

4.    Add Meta Keyword and Description tag for every page

Add Meta keyword and Meta description tag with relevant contents. Search engines will use these tags to understand what the page offers. You can dynamically set the meta tags from codebehind file using the below code,

HtmlHead head = (HtmlHead)Page.Header;

 HtmlMeta metasearch1 = new HtmlMeta();

 HtmlMeta metasearch2 = new HtmlMeta();  

 metasearch1.Name = "descriptions";

 metasearch1.Content = "my personal site";


 metasearch2.Name = "keywords";

 metasearch2.Content = "ASP.Net,C#,SQL";


The above code will add the below Meta tags to output html.

<meta name="descriptions" content="my personal site" />

<meta name="keywords" content="ASP.Net,C#,SQL" />

In ASP.Net 4.0, Microsoft added 2 new properties on the Page directive (Page object) that lets you to define the Meta keywords and Description declaratively and dynamically from codebehind.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" MetaKeywords=",C#" MetaDescription="This is an site that hosts tutorials" CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>

In codebehind,

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)


        Page.MetaKeywords = ",C#";

        Page.MetaDescription = "This is an site that hosts tutorials.";


The similar can thing can be achieved in previous versions of .Net Framework by using a custom BasePage class.

5.    Make descriptive urls

Make your website URL descriptive. URL’s that has lots of query string values, numeric ids are not descriptive. It will provide enough information what the page offers. For example, is not descriptive as

Apart from other parameters, search engines will also consider the website url to match your page for a searched keyword.

ASP.NET Hosting - : How to Migrating From ASP.NET Web API 2 to MVC 6

clock October 13, 2015 08:54 by author Kenny

How to Migrating From ASP.NET Web API 2 to MVC 6

If you create a new MVC 6 project from the default starter template, it will contain the following code in the Startup class, under ConfigureServices method:

 // Uncomment the following line to add Web API servcies which makes it easier to port Web API 2 controllers.
 // You need to add Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc.WebApiCompatShim package to project.json
 // services.AddWebApiConventions();

This pretty much explains it all – the Compatibility Shim is included in an external package, Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc.WebApiCompatShim and by default is switched off for new MVC projects. Once added and enabled, you can also have a look at the UseMvc method, under Configure. This is where central Web API routes can be defined:

      app.UseMvc(routes =>
                name: "default",
                template: "{controller}/{action}/{id?}",
                defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index" });
            // Uncomment the following line to add a route for porting Web API 2 controllers.
            // routes.MapWebApiRoute("DefaultApi", "api/{controller}/{id?}");

Inheriting from ApiController

Since the base class for Web API controllers was not Controller but ApiController, the shim introduces a type of the same name into MVC 6.

While it is obviously not 100% identical to the ApiController from Web API, it contains the majority of public proeprties and methods that you might have gotten used to – the Request property, the User property or a bunch of IHttpActionResult helpers.

Returning HttpResponseMessage

The shim introduces the ability to work with HttpResponseMessage in MVC 6 projects. How is this achieved? First of all, the Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Client package is referenced, and that brings in the familiar types – HttpResponseMessage and HttpRequestMessage.

On top of that, an extra formatter is injected into your application – HttpResponseMessageOutputFormatter. This allows you to return HttpResponseMessage from your actions, just like you were used to doing in Web API projects!

How does it work under the hood? Remember, in Web API, returning an instance of HttpResponseMessage bypassed content negotiation and simply forwarded the instance all the way to the hosting layer, which was responsible to convert it to a response that was relevant for a given host.

In the case of MVC 6, the new formatter will grab your HttpResponseMessage and copy its headers and contents onto the Microsoft.AspNet.Http.HttpResponse which is the new abstraction for HTTP response in ASP.NET 5.

As a result such type of an action as the one shown below, is possible in MVC 6, and as a consequence it should be much simpler to migrate your Web API 2 projects.

public HttpResponseMessage Post()
    return new HttpResponseMessage(HttpSattusCode.NoContent);

Binding HttpRequestMessage

In Web API it was possible to bind HttpRequestMessage in your actions. For example this was easily doable:

    public string Get(int id, HttpRequestMessage req)
        return id + " " + req.RequestUri;
    public async Task<TestItem> Post(HttpRequestMessage req)
        return await req.Content.ReadAsAsync<TestItem>();

The shim introduces an HttpRequestMessageModelBinder which allows the same thing to be done under MVC 6. As a result, if you relied on HttpRequestMessage binding in Web API, your code will migrate to MVC 6 fine.

How does it work? The shim will use an intermediary type, HttpRequestMessageFeature, to create an instance of HttpRequestMessage from the ASP.NET 5 HttpContext.

HttpRequestMessage extensions

Since it was very common in the Web API world to use HttpResponseMessage as an action return type, there was a need for a mechanism that allowed easy creation of its instances. This was typically achieved by using the extension methods on the HttpRequestMessage, as they would perform content negotiation for you.


If you use/used the CreateErrorResponse method mentioned above, you will end up relying on the HttpError class which is another ghost of the Web API past rejuvenated by the compatibility shim.

HttpError was traditionally used by Web API to serve up error information to the client in a (kind of) standardized way. It contained properties such as ModelState, MessageDetail or StackTrace.

It was used by not just the CreateErrorResponse extension method but also by a bunch of IHttpActionResults – InvalidModelStateResult, ExceptionResult and BadRequestErrorMessageResult. As a result, HttpError is back to facilitate all of these types.

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ASP.NET Hosting - :: How to Check Duplicate User Names In ASP.NET Web Pages Sites

clock October 5, 2015 11:39 by author Kenny

How to Check Duplicate User Names In ASP.NET Web Pages Sites

The Web Pages Starter Site template provides a useful starting point for developing a Razor Web Pages site that includes membership. But it doesn't include any mechanism for preventing duplicate user names. This article offers one solution to the problem that uses jQuery.

If you ask how to prevent duplicate user names in forums, one of the suggestions that is often put forward is to apply a unique constraint in the database column that holds the user name. Any attempt to submit a duplicate value will result in an exception being raised in the relevant database provider. You can catch this exception and show the user an appropriate message. This works but it's a fairly clunky solution. And many people feel that you should not use exceptions as a means to manage your business rules.

The solution featured in this article uses AJAX to query the database and to give the user immediate feedback when they enter their chosen user name. The AJAX call requests a page that exists purely to query the database to see if the selected user name is already in use. The solution also includes a server side chekc to ensure that users who have disabled JavaScript so not slip through the net. The solution requires a couple of amendments to the Register.cshtml file in the Starter Site, and the addition of 3 files. But first, the changes to the Register.cshtml page. The first change is in the inclusion of a JavaScript file called dupecheck.js.

@* Remove this section if you are using bundling *@
@section Scripts {
    <script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/Scripts/dupecheck.js"></script>

And the second is the server side check to see if the username is in use:

    ModelState.AddError("email", "User name is already taken");

I placed this in the if(IsPost) section just after the initial variables that represent the submitted values (email, password and confirmPassword) are declared. The code calls a function named IsDuplicate. The function is declared in a file called Functions.cshtml which is placed in a folder called App_Code:

@functions {
    public static bool IsDuplicate(string username){
        var db = Database.Open("StarterSite");
        var commandText = @"SELECT COUNT(Email) FROM UserProfile WHERE Email = @0";
        return (int)db.QueryValue(commandText, username) > 0;

Note that the name of the folder is important. The function returns a bool. The value of the bool is determined as a result if the SQL query which gets a count of the rows containing the provided user name. By default, the Starter Site uses a column called Email in the UserProfile table for the storage of user names. This function is also called in a separate file named DupeCheck.cshtml. This file is placed in the root of the site:

    Layout = null;
        var username = Request["username"];
        var result = Functions.IsDuplicate(username);
        Json.Write(new { isDupe = result }, Response.Output);

DupeCheck.cshtml is designed to work exclusively with AJAX. The code includes an instruction to nullify any layout pages that might have been set in a _PageStart file, and then it uses the IsAjax property to determine if the page has been requested via an AJAX call. If it has, it uses the IsDuplicate method to check the availability of the posted username and returns the result to the calling code. The result is an anonymous type that has one propery: isDupe, which is a boolean. The anonymous type is serialised to JSON by the Json helper.

The final part of the solution is the dupecheck.js file. This uses jQuery:

$(function () {
    $('#email').change(function () {
            { username: $(this).val() },
            function (data) {
                var emailValidation = $('span[data-valmsg-for="email"]');
                if (data.isDupe) {
                    if (emailValidation.hasClass('field-validation-valid')) {
                        emailValidation.text('That name is already taken!');
                } else {
                    if (emailValidation.hasClass('field-validation-error')) {

An event handler is attached to the change event of the user name input (which has an id if email in the Starter Site). The current value is posted to the DupeCheck.cshtml page via AJAX. The code above checks the response from the server to see if the value is a duplicate, and if it is, an appropriate error message is displayed to the user.

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ASP.NET Hosting - :: Easy to Design Pie Chart and Donut Chart in ASP.NET

clock September 28, 2015 12:40 by author Kenny

Easy to Design Pie Chart and Donut Chart in ASP.NET

D3.js stands for Data-Driven Document. It is a JavaScript library using which we can manipulate documents based on data. The data can be fetched using multiple ways like Web Services, WCF Services, REST APIs or the relatively new Microsoft ASP.NET Web API amongst many others. Using D3, you can bind the data to the Document Object Model (DOM) and present that data with rich visualizations. D3 internally makes use of CSS, HTML and SVG capabilities to make your data presentable. It is powerful, fast and supports large datasets and dynamic behaviors for interactions and powerful and smooth animations.

D3.js provides easy and declarative selections of DOM nodes using W3C Selector APIs. D3 Selector APIs provides number of methods to manipulate nodes. For example –

  • Setting attributes and applying rich styles
  • Registering Event Listeners
  • You can add, remove and sort DOM nodes
  • You can change the HTML or the text contents of HTML elements
  • You can also have a direct selection/access to the DOM as each selection is an array of nodes

Likewise, we have various features of D3.js selectors which we can use to present data to our DOM nodes.

A simple selector example is the following:

var bodySelection ='body').style('background-color', 'blue');

In the above example, we are selecting body and changing its background color to blue. Another example would be as follows:

var divSelection = d3.selectAll('div').style('background-color', 'yellow');

In the above example, we are selecting all divs and changing its background color to yellow. If you are familiar with jQuery, the syntax looks similar to jQuery selectors or HTML5 Selectors.

D3 allows us to bind the data to the DOM elements and their attributes using a Data method which takes an array. For example:

  .style("height", function (data) { return data + "px"; });

In the above example, we are selecting all the div’s on the page and based on the index, the first value of an array will be passed to first div, second value to second div and so on.

In D3, you can also make use of Enter and Exit selector methods to create new nodes for incoming data, and remove outing nodes that are no longer used.

You can also apply transitions to nodes using D3. For example –

var area ='body')
            .attr('width', 500)
            .attr('height', 500);
var circle = area.append('rect')
                 .attr('width', 100)
                 .attr('height', 100)
                 .attr('fill', 'red');
      .attr('width', 400)
      .each('start', function () {
  'fill', 'green');})
      .attr('height', 400)
      .attr('width', 50)
      .attr('height', 50)
      .each('end', function () {
  'fill', 'blue'); });

In the above example, we are drawing a Rectangle and applying the transition to the same. Likewise, we can make use of various features of D3.js to present our data using rich visualizations.

A Quick overview of ASP.NET Web API

REST(REpresentational State Transfer) has emerged as the prominent way to create web services. By using REST we can build loose coupled services with data available on the web over HTTP protocol.

ASP.NET Web API is a platform for building RESTful applications. ASP.NET Web API is a framework using which we can build HTTP Services which can be called from a broad range of clients, browsers and mobile devices. ASP.NET Web API is the defacto standard of creating web services and replaces WCF.

When we think about exposing data on the web, we usually talk about four common operations which we use on a daily basis in our apps – CREATE, RETRIVE, UPDATE, DELETE.

We call these operations as CRUD operations. REST provides 4 basic HTTP verbs which we can map to our CRUD operations as described here - POST – CREATE, GET – RETRIVE, PUT – UPDATE, DELETE – DELETE.

By using REST, if you can connect to the web, any application can consume your data. When the data is pulled or pushed by using REST, the data is always serialized into or de-serialized from JSON or XML.

Setting up the application and ASP.NET Web API

To start designing the Pie chart and Donut chart, use the following tools and technologies:

  • Microsoft Visual Studio 2013 (Express or Professional)
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012 (Express or Developer)
  • jQuery
  • D3.js

Let’s first design the table where we can add our data. To design the table, open SQL Server Management Studio and write the following script:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[CityPopulationTable](
    [CityName] [nvarchar](30) NULL,
    [Population] [int] NULL

Create an ASP.NET Web application by choosing Web Forms template. Then add the Entity Framework, jQuery and D3.js libraries into our web application using NuGet.

Once you add these libraries, right click on the Models folder in our Web application under Solution Explorer, and click on Add New Item. Choose Data  > ADO.NET Entity Data Model.

Using Entity Data Model Wizard, connect to our database and choose CityPopulationTable.

It’s time to implement the ASP.NET Web API into our project. Right click the web application and add a new folder with the name Controllers.

After adding the Web API, open Global.asax file and import two namespaces as shown here:

using System.Web.Http;
using System.Web.Routing;

Also add the following code to the Application_Start method –


The above line registers the Web API route in our web application. Now under App_Start folder, you will find WebApiConfig.cs file. Open this file and write the following code:

public static void Register(HttpConfiguration config)
        name: "DefaultApi",
        routeTemplate: "api/{controller}/{id}",
        defaults: new { id = RouteParameter.Optional }
    var json = config.Formatters.JsonFormatter;
    json.SerializerSettings.PreserveReferencesHandling = Newtonsoft.Json.PreserveReferencesHandling.Objects;
    json.SerializerSettings.ContractResolver = new CamelCasePropertyNamesContractResolver();

In the above code, we are configuring Web API to make use of JSON formatter with camel casing, as most of the JavaScript developer will expect JSON output in Camel casing.

Now modify the Get method of our Web API controller as shown here:

public class PieChartController : ApiController
    NorthwindEntities dataContext = new NorthwindEntities();
    // GET api/piechart
    public IEnumerable<CityPopulationTable> Get()
        return dataContext.CityPopulationTables.ToList();

In the above code, we have created an object of our Entity Data model which will give access to the tables. Then we are returning an IEnumerable of our object CityPopulationTables.

Let us design our Pie chart and Donut chart using the Web API data shown in above:

Creating D3 Charts

Add a HTML page with the name ‘CityPolulationPieChart.html’. Once you add the page, we will reference the jQuery and D3.js file in the page:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <title>Pie Chart Example</title>
    <script src="Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.js"></script>
    <script src="Scripts/d3.js"></script>

We will make use of jQuery AJAX function to fetch the data from our Web API and display it in a Pie and Donut chart. Let’s add a DOM ready function into our <body> tag. In this function, we will first declare two arrays. First array will hold the data for our chart and the second array will hold the colors which we will use for our chart:

$(function () {
            var chartData = [];
            var colors = [];

In the next step, we will fetch the data from our Web API using jQuery $.ajax function. Add this code after our array declaration:

        type: "GET",
        url: "api/PieChart",
        contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
        dataType: "json",
        success: function (result) {
            $.each(result, function (i,j) {
                var currentColor = '#' + Math.floor(Math.random() * j.population+5566656).toString(16);
        error: function (msg) {

Note: Although I have used success and error here for devs using an older version of jQuery, these methods have been deprecated from jQuery 1.8. You should replace them with .done() and fail().

In the above code, we are using a GET request with the Web API URL and the type of data set to JSON. On successful completion of the request, we are running a loop using $.each() which will push the fetched data into our chartData array. We are also generating colors and adding them into our colors array.

Now it’s time to use the D3 selector. We will use D3 selector to select the body and will append the SVG element to the same by setting its height and width. Add this code after console.log function. The code is shown below –

var radius = 300;
var colorScale = d3.scale.ordinal().range(colors);
var area ='body').append('svg')
             .attr('width', 1500)
             .attr('height', 1500);

Also note that we are using the scale function of D3 which allows us to set the ordinal scale with the range to set the scale’s output range. We have also added a variable called radius which is set to 300.

The next step is to group the elements and draw an arc into our SVG as shown in the following code:

var pieGroup = area.append('g').attr('transform', 'translate(300, 300)');
var arc = d3.svg.arc()

In the above code, we are using radius variable as the outer radius and fixing the inner radius to 0. As the next step, use a pie layout available under D3. Then pass the chart data and append it to our group ‘g’. The code is shown below –

var pie = d3.layout.pie()
       .value(function (data) { return data; })
var arcs = pieGroup.selectAll('.arc')
       .attr('class', 'arc');

Also observe, we are using D3 selector to select arc class added at the end, which will select all the elements which has a class arc. In the last step,  append the path and fill the color from our array. We will also display the population data as text to our pie chart. The code is shown below –

    .attr('d', arc)
    .attr('fill', function (d) { return colorScale(; });
    .attr('transform', function (data) { return 'translate(' + arc.centroid(data) + ')'; })
    .attr('text-anchor', 'middle')
    .attr('font-size', '1em')
    .text(function (data) { return; });

Donut Chart

Designing a Donut chart is very simple. Just change the inner radius to something higher than zero. I am making it 200. The code is as shown here:

var arc = d3.svg.arc()

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ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - ASPHostPortal :: Remote Validation in ASP.NET MVC

clock August 24, 2015 08:07 by author Kenny

Remote Validation in ASP.NET MVC

ASP.NET is an open-source server-side Web application framework designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages. It was developed by Microsoft to allow programmers to build dynamic web sites, web applications and web services. ASP.NET MVC gives you a powerful, patterns-based way to build dynamic websites that enables a clean separation of concerns and that gives you full control over markup. Remote validation is used to make server calls to validate data without posting the entire form to the server when server side validation is preferable to client side.  It's all done set up model and controller which is pretty neat. 

Using the Code

To implement remote validation in an application we have two scenarios, one is without an additional parameter and the other is with an additional parameter. First we create an example without an additional parameter. In this example we check whether a username exists or not. If the username exists then that means the input user name is not valid. We create a view model class "UserViewModel" under the Models folder and that code is:

using System.Web.Mvc;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Models   
    public class UserViewModel   
        public string UserName   
        public string Email   


Now we create a static data source, in other words we create a static list of UserViewModel in which we could check whether a username exists or not. You can also use the database rather than a static list. The following code snippet is for StaticData.

using RemoteValidation.Models;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Code   
    public static class StaticData   
        public static List < UserViewModel > UserList   
            get {  
                return new List < UserViewModel >   
                    new UserViewModel   
                        UserName = "User1", Email = ""  
                    new UserViewModel   
                        UserName = "User2", Email = ""  


Now we create a controller "ValidationController" in which we create an action method to check whether a user name exists or not and return a result as a JSON format. If the username exists then it returns false so that the validation is implemented on the input field. The following code snippet shows ValidationController under the Controllers folder.

using RemoteValidation.Code;  
using System.Linq;  
using System.Web.Mvc;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Controllers   
    public class ValidationController: Controller   
        public JsonResult IsUserNameExist(string userName)   
            bool isExist = StaticData.UserList.Where(u = > u.UserName.ToLowerInvariant().Equals(userName.ToLower())).FirstOrDefault() != null;  
            return Json(!isExist, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  


Now we add remote validation on the UserName of the UserViewModel property as in the following code snippet.

using System.Web.Mvc;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Models   
    public class UserViewModel   
        [Remote("IsUserNameExist", "Validation", ErrorMessage = "User name already exist")]  
        public string UserName   
        public string Email   


As in the preceding code snippet, the IsUserNameExist is a method of ValidationController that is called on the blur of an input field using a GET request. Now we create UserController under the Controllers folder to render a view on the UI.

using RemoteValidation.Models;  
using System.Web.Mvc;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Controllers   
    public class UserController: Controller   
        public ActionResult AddUser()   
            UserViewModel model = new UserViewModel();  
            return View(model);  

Now we add jquery.validate.js and jquery.validate.unobtrusive.js to the project and create a bundle as in the following code snippet.

using System.Web.Optimization;  
namespace RemoteValidation.App_Start   
    public class BundleConfig   
        public static void RegisterBundles(BundleCollection bundles)   
            bundles.Add(new StyleBundle("~/Content/css").Include(  
            bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/jquery").Include(  
            bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/jqueryval").Include(  

Thereafter we add the following keys in the web.config file.

<add key="ClientValidationEnabled" value="true" />   
<add key="UnobtrusiveJavaScriptEnabled" value="true" />  

Thereafter we create a view for the AddUser action method. The following code snippet is for the AddUser view.

@model RemoteValidation.Models.UserViewModel  
< div class = "panel panel-primary" > < div class = "panel-heading panel-head" > Add User < /div>    
    <div class="panel-body">    
        @using (Html.BeginForm())    
            <div class="form-horizontal">    
                <div class="form-group">    
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.UserName, new { @class = "col-lg-2 control-label" })    
                    <div class="col-lg-9">    
                        @Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.UserName, new { @class = "form-control" })    
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.UserName)    
                    </div > < /div>    
                <div class="form-group">    
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Email, new { @class = "col-lg-2 control-label" })    
                    <div class="col-lg-9">    
                        @Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Email, new { @class = "form-control" })    
                        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Email)    
                    </div > < /div>                    
                <div class="form-group">    
                    <div class="col-lg-9"></div > < div class = "col-lg-3" > < button class = "btn btn-success"  
                     id = "btnSubmit"  
                     type = "submit" > Submit < /button>    
                    </div >
               < /div>    
            </div >  
} < /div>    
</div >   
@section scripts   

Let's run the application and put values into the user name field to execute the remote validation as in the following image.

Figure 1: Remote validation on user name

Now we move to another option, we pass an additional parameter in the remote validation. We pass both the user name and email as a parameter and check whether the username and email combination exist or not on the email input. That's why we add one more method in ValidationController as in the following code snippet for it.

public JsonResult IsUserExist(string email, string userName)   
    bool isExist = StaticData.UserList.Where(u = > u.UserName.ToLowerInvariant().Equals(userName.ToLower()) && u.Email.ToLowerInvariant().Equals(email.ToLower())).FirstOrDefault() != null;  
    return Json(!isExist, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  

Now we call this method on the Email property of UserViewModel as in the following code snippet.

using System.Web.Mvc;  
namespace RemoteValidation.Models   
    public class UserViewModel   
        [Remote("IsUserNameExist", "Validation", ErrorMessage = "User name already exist")]  
        public string UserName   
        [Remote("IsUserExist", "Validation", ErrorMessage = "User already exist", AdditionalFields = "UserName")]  
        public string Email   

As in the preceding code snippet, we are passing an additional field using AdditionalFields in Remote. If we must pass more than one parameter then these will be comma-separated. Now run the application and the result will be as shown in the following image.  

ASP.NET Hosting - :: Solving Cannot Attach The File '.mdf' as Database in MVC

clock May 28, 2015 06:44 by author Dan

While doing database update using code-first migrations in ASP.Net MVC, came across the strange exception and details are as follows,

Issue back ground details,
1. Manually deleted auto created ".mdf" file from App_Data folder using Visual Studio.
2. Executed update-database in package manager console. Then got the below exception,

System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException (0x80131904): Cannot attach the file 'E:\Backup\Practice\MVC4\DotNetExamples\DotNetExamples\App_Data\DotnetExamples.mdf' as database 'DotnetExamples'.

at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningObject, UInt32 waitForMultipleObjectsTimeout, Boolean allowCreate, Boolean onlyOneCheckConnection, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal& connection)

at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionPool.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningObject, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal& connection)

at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionFactory.TryGetConnection(DbConnection owningConnection, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions, DbConnectionInternal& connection)

at System.Data.ProviderBase.DbConnectionClosed.TryOpenConnection(DbConnection outerConnection, DbConnectionFactory connectionFactory, TaskCompletionSource`1 retry, DbConnectionOptions userOptions)

at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.TryOpen(TaskCompletionSource`1 retry)

at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.Open()

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteStatements(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorBase.ExecuteStatements(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteOperations(String migrationId, XDocument targetModel, IEnumerable`1 operations, Boolean downgrading, Boolean auto)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ApplyMigration(DbMigration migration, DbMigration lastMigration)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorLoggingDecorator.ApplyMigration(DbMigration migration, DbMigration lastMigration)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.Upgrade(IEnumerable`1 pendingMigrations, String targetMigrationId, String lastMigrationId)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorLoggingDecorator.Upgrade(IEnumerable`1 pendingMigrations, String targetMigrationId, String lastMigrationId)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.Update(String targetMigration)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorBase.Update(String targetMigration)

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Design.ToolingFacade.UpdateRunner.RunCore()

at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Design.ToolingFacade.BaseRunner.Run()


No clue about this, how to resolve and after spending lot of time searching on web, came across the following solution. Keeping this for my future reference and it might help for others for same type of problem,


If you delete the DB file, it still stays registered with SqlLocalDB. Sometimes it fixes it by deleting DB. We can do this from the command line.

Open the "Developer Command Propmpt for VisualStudio" under your "Start/Programs menu->All Programs->Visual Studio 2012->Visual Studio Tools"

    Run the following commands:

    sqllocaldb.exe stop v11.0

    sqllocaldb.exe delete v11.0

Now execute "update-database" command from package manager console and it will create database for you without any obstacles.

Best ASP.NET Hosting Recommendation provides its customers with Plesk Panel, one of the most popular and stable control panels for Windows hosting, as free. You could also see the latest .NET framework, a crazy amount of functionality as well as Large disk space, bandwidth, MSSQL databases and more. All those give people the convenience to build up a powerful site in Windows server. offers ASP.NET MVC hosting starts from $1/month only. They also guarantees 30 days money back and guarantee 99.9% uptime. If you need a reliable affordable ASP.NET Hosting, should be your best choice.

ASP.NET Hosting - :: Sending an email using exchange server from the ASP.NET Application

clock February 2, 2015 07:27 by author Dan

The .NET Framework 1.x had a System.web.mail class to send an email from the ASP.NET system. While this namespace and these classes still exist in the .NET Framework form 2.0 and later, they have been expostulated and supplanted by the new Mail API in the namespace in the 2.0 structure. 1.x's System.web.mail API was focused around CDO libraries. With the new Apis, Microsoft moved far from CDONTS based wrapper Apis and composed the new API utilizing Com+ segments to enhance the execution.

ASP.NET 2.0 sends an email utilizing Smtpclient class. In the most fundamental arrangement, You need to set the hostname of the hand-off server in the event that you are utilizing trade server or localhost in the event that you are utilizing neighborhood SMTP administration, port (25 as a matter of course), authentican certifications, or pointed out pickup index through the Deliverymethod property.

Here is the template for the System.NET.Mail configuration.

<!– Add the email settings to the element –>
<smtp deliveryMethod=”PickupDirectory” from=”fromemailaddress”>

localhost – local web server SMTP administration – If you need to send an email through neighborhood SMTP Service of the web server, basically include emulating lines of code in your web.config to send an email from the ASP.NET Pages.

<smtp deliveryMethod=”PickupDirectoryFromIis”>
<network host=”(localhost)” port=”25″ defaultCredentials=”true” />

Exchange Server – If you need to send an email from existing trade server email account, you need to setup the transfer administration from your webserver to trade server. Emulating web.config setup permits you utilize hand-off administration for trade server.

How about we say's exchange server name is "", exchange username and secret key is "exchangeuserid" and "exchangepassword", you web.config settings would be

<network host=”” port=”25″ userName=”exchangeuserid” password=”exchangepassword” defaultCredentials=”false” />

Next step would be to make a class to send a messages utilizing SMTP Service: Note that emulating code utilizes Web.config settings. Remarked out code won't utilize web.config mail settings. In spite of the fact that its preferrable, on the off chance that you don't need email designs in web.config document, utilize the remarked out code to design and send an email from the ASP.NET pages.

using System;using System.Net;using System.Net.Mail;
public class SMTPEmailSender
public SMTPEmailSender()
// TODO: Add constructor logic here

public static void SendSMTPEmail(string senderMailAddress,
string recipientMailAddress,
string mailSubject,
string mailBody)

//Create MailMessage to send an email.
MailMessage message = new MailMessage(senderMailAddress, recipientMailAddress);
message.Subject = mailSubject;
message.Body = mailBody;

//Use SMTPClient to send an email.
//Uses SMTP settings from web.config
SmtpClient client = new SmtpClient();

//Uses SMTP Settings from Code
//Sample Code
//SmtpClient smtp = new SmtpClient(“”, portnumber);
//smtp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(“exchangeuserid”, “exchangepassword”, “DOMAIN”);
//smtp.DeliveryMethod = SmtpDeliveryMethod.Network; //smtp.Send(message);

Create a Test Page to send out emails. Here is the source code from the code behind to send an email from the test email page.

public partial class TestEmail : System.Web.UI.Page
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
string fromEmailAddress = ““;
string recipientEmailAddress = ““;
string mailSubject = “Nik’s Website: Test Email”;
string mailBody = “Test Email.”;
if (recipientEmailAddress != null && recipientEmailAddress.Trim().Length != 0)
SMTPEmailManager.SendSMTPEmail(fromEmailAddress, recipientEmailAddress, mailSubject, mailBody);
Response.Write(“Test Email Sent Out”);

Best ASP.NET Hosting Recommendation provides its customers with Plesk Panel, one of the most popular and stable control panels for Windows hosting, as free. You could also see the latest .NET framework, a crazy amount of functionality as well as Large disk space, bandwidth, MSSQL databases and more. All those give people the convenience to build up a powerful site in Windows server. offers ASP.NET hosting starts from $1/month only. They also guarantees 30 days money back and guarantee 99.9% uptime. If you need a reliable affordable ASP.NET Hosting, should be your best choice.

ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - ASPHostPortal :: How to Drag Drop Elements in ASP.NET MVC 5 using HTML 5, Web API and jQuery

clock December 22, 2014 05:24 by author Mark

Providing rich web UI experiences like Charts, Editable tabular interface, offline capabilities, dragging-dropping data on the page etc. can be a challenging task. To implement these features, a developer must plan the application based upon different browsers capabilities. A couple of years ago, this was achievable with a lot of efforts using some complex JavaScript code.

As the web progressed, modern browsers has made it possible to take web development to the next level. To complement, there are several libraries like jQuery, Angular, DOJO, etc. that can provide new UI rich features to enhance your applications. But wouldn’t it be nicer if the HTML itself provides some of these cool features using markup?
HTML5 has been developed with the current and future browser development in mind. Apart from being backward compatible, HTML5 contains many new elements and APIs for adding Rich UX capabilities to the application. Drag-Drop is one such useful feature available in HTML5 that can be used for data management on the page.
In HTML 5, an element can be made draggable using draggable=true in the markup. To monitor the process of drag-drop, we need to make use of the following events: dragstart, drag, dragenter, dragleave, dragover, drop, dragend.
The process of implementation has the following elements:

  • The source element applied with attribute draggable=true.
  • The data payload which means the data to be dragged and dropped.
  • The target where the drop is made.

Drag-Drop in ASP.NET MVC 5 using HTML 5, Web API and jQuery

To implement the Drag-Drop application, we will be using the following technologies:
WEB API with Attribute Routing

  • Step 1: Open Visual Studio 2013 (the application uses Ultimate with Update 3), and create an Empty MVC application.
  • Step 2: In the App_Data folder of the application add a new SQL Server database with the name ‘Application.mdf’ as below:

In this database, add a new table called ‘Products’ using the following script:
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Products] (
    [ProductId]   INT          IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL,
    [ProductName] VARCHAR (50) NOT NULL,
    [Quantity]    INT          NOT NULL,

The above table will contain products which we will fetch in our View.

  • Step 3: In the Models folder, add a new EntityFramework with the name ApplicationEDMX. In the wizard that comes up, select the Application.mdf database and the Products table designed in the above step. After completing the wizard, the following table mapping gets displayed.

  • Step 4: In the controllers folder, add a new Empty WEB API Controller with the name ProductsAPIController. In this API controller add the following code:

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web.Http;
using A1_HTML5_DragDrop.Models;
namespace A1_HTML5_DragDrop.Controllers
    public class ProductsAPIController : ApiController
        ApplicationEntities ctx;
        public ProductsAPIController()
            ctx = new ApplicationEntities();
        public IEnumerable<Product> GetProducts()
            return ctx.Products.ToList();

The above code declares an object of ApplicationEntities, which got generated using EntityFramework. The GetProducts() returns a list of products. This method is applied with an Attribute Route ‘[Route(“Products”)]’ which will provide the URL to make call to this method using client-side framework (e.g. ajax method). You can read more on Attribute routing in my other article Practical Use of ASP.NET Web API Attribute Routing in an MVC application.

  • Step 5: In the controllers folder, add a new Empty MVC controller of the name ProductController. This controller class will generate an Index method. Scaffold a new Empty view from the Index method.
  • Step 6: Add the following markup in the Index view:

            <h1>Product List</h1>
            <h1>Selected Products</h1>
            <div id="dvleft">
                <ul id="lstproducts">
            <div id="dvright">
                <ul id="lstselectedproducts"></ul>

The above markup has a table with two rows. The first row shows headers for Product List and selected products. The second row contains <div>s containing list in it. The ‘lstproducts’ list will show the Products retrieved from the server. The ‘lstselectedproducts’ will show selected products by the end-user using Drag-Drop.
Add the following styles in the View (better to use a separate stylesheet but I will keep it here for readability):
<style type="text/css">
    table, td {
    #dvright,#dvleft {

  • Step 7: In the page add the following Script:

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function () {
        //Function to set events for Drag-Drop
        function setEvents() {
            var lstProducts = $('li');
            //Set Drag on Each 'li' in the list
                $.each(lstProducts, function (idx, val) {
                    $('li').on('dragstart', function (evt) {
               = false;
            //Set the Drop on the <div>
                $("#dvright").on('drop', function (evt) {
                    var data = evt.originalEvent.dataTransfer.getData("Text");
                    var lst = $("#lstselectedproducts");
                    var li = "<li>"+data+"</li>";
                    li.textContent = data;
            //The dragover
                $("#dvright").on('dragover', function (evt) {
        ///Function to load products using call to WEB API
        function loadProducts() {
            var items="";
                url: "/Products",
                type: "GET"
            }).done(function (resp) {
                $.each(resp, function (idx, val) {
                    items += "<li draggable='true'>" + val.ProductName + "</li>";
            }).error(function (err) {
                alert("Error! " + err.status);

The script has the following specifications:

  • The function ‘loadProducts()’ makes an ajax call to WEB API. When the call is successful, the iteration is done through the response. This iteration adds the <li> tag in the ‘lstproducts’ list with the draggable attribute set to true.
  • The function ‘setEvents()’ performs the following two step operations:
  • subscribe to the ‘dragstart’ event for each <li> and set the data transfer with the ‘Text’ property. This is the text content of the <li> selected. Once any <li> is dragged, the drag on the same is disabled using =false; statement.
  • The <div> of id ‘dvright’ is subscribed to ‘drop’ event, it accepts the dragged Text. Once the text is accepted, it is set to the <li> which is dynamically appended in the list with id as ‘lstselectedproducts’.
  • Step 8: Run the application, the Products data gets loaded:

    Drag the Product from the ‘Product List’ and drop it in the ‘Selected Products’ as seen here:

    • The above Red Mark shows the Drag Action. Once the drop operation is over the result will be as seen here:


The HTML 5 Native support for Drag-Drop provides an easy mechanism of handling Data as well as UI operations. Since the support is native to HTML 5, no additional library is required.

Cheap ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting

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