The Global.asax file is an optional file used to declare and handle application and session-level events and objects for an ASP.NET web site running on an IIS Web Server. The file contains ASP.NET program code, and is the .NET counterpart of the Global.asa file used for ASP. The Global.asax file resides in the IIS virtual root of an ASP.NET application.
Default Structure of Global.asax
public class Global : System.Web.HttpApplication
protected void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Session_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Application_AuthenticateRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Session_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Application_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void Application_PreRequestHandlerExecute(object sender, EventArgs e)
private bool IsUrlInModule(List<string> modules, string url)
â€¢ HttpApplication Events
Occurs when ASP.NET acquires the current state (for example, session state) that is associated with the current request.
Occurs when a security module has established the identity of the user.
Occurs when a security module has verified user authorization.
Occurs as the first event in the HTTP pipeline chain of execution when ASP.NET responds to a request.
Adds an event handler to listen to the Disposed event on the application.
Occurs as the last event in the HTTP pipeline chain of execution when ASP.NET responds to a request.
Occurs when an unhandled exception is thrown.
Occurs when the request state (for example, session state) that is associated with the current request has been obtained.
Occurs when a security module has established the identity of the user.
Occurs when the user for the current request has been authorized.
Occurs when ASP.NET has mapped the current request to the appropriate event handler.
Occurs when ASP.NET has completed executing all request event handlers and the request state data has been stored.
Occurs when the ASP.NET event handler (for example, a page or an XML Web service) finishes execution.
Occurs when ASP.NET bypasses execution of the current event handler and allows a caching module to serve a request from the cache.
Occurs when ASP.NET completes updating caching modules and storing responses that are used to serve subsequent requests from the cache.
Occurs just before ASP.NET begins executing an event handler (for example, a page or an XML Web service).
Occurs just before ASP.NET sends content to the client.
Occurs just before ASP.NET sends HTTP headers to the client.
Occurs after ASP.NET finishes executing all request event handlers. This event causes state modules to save the current state data.
Occurs when ASP.NET completes an authorization event to let the caching modules serve requests from the cache, bypassing execution of the event handler (for example, a page or an XML Web service).
Occurs when ASP.NET finishes executing an event handler in order to let caching modules store responses that will be used to serve subsequent requests from the cache.
This method occurs after _start and is used for initializing code.
As with traditional ASP, used to set up an application environment and only called when the application first starts.
Again, like classic ASP, used to clean up variables and memory when an application ends.
â€¢ Session Events:
As with classic ASP, this event is triggered when any new user accesses the web site.
As with classic ASP, this event is triggered when a user's session times out or ends. Note this can be 20 mins (the default session timeout value) after the user actually leaves the site.
â€¢ Profile Events:
Occurs when the anonymous user for a profile logs in.
â€¢ Passport Events:
Raised during authentication. This is a Global.asax event that must be named PassportAuthentication_OnAuthenticate.
Possibly more events defined in other HttpModules
In this article we have seen that global.asax file events. So we can use this every web application for application control, state and Application management , locking web pages , security of web application and license management system.
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